Monday, May 25, 2020
Influenced by the 19th-century journalist and philologist William Swinton, poet Walt Whitman celebrated the emergence of a distinctively American language Ã¢â¬â one that introduced new words (and found new uses for old words) to convey the unique qualities of American life. Here, in an essay first published in 1885 in The North American Review, Whitman offers many examples of slang expressions and luxuriant place names Ã¢â¬â all representative of the wholesome fermentation or eructation of those processes eternally active in language. Slang in America was later collected in November Boughs byÃ David McKay (1888). Slang in America Viewd freely, the English language is the accretion and growth of every dialect, race, and range of time, and is both the free and compacted composition of all. From this point of view, it stands for Language in the largest sense, and is really the greatest of studies. It involves so much; is indeed a sort of universal absorber, combiner, and conqueror. The scope of its etymologies is the scope not only of man and civilization, but the history of Nature in all departments, and of the organic Universe, brought up to date; for all are comprehended in words, and their backgrounds. This is when words become vitalizÃ¢â¬â¢d, and stand for things, as they unerringly and soon come to do, in the mind that enters on their study with fitting spirit, grasp, and appreciation. Slang, profoundly considerÃ¢â¬â¢d, is the lawless germinal element, below all words and sentences, and behind all poetry, and proves a certain perennial rankness and protestantism in speech. As the United States inherit by far their most precious possession Ã¢â¬â the language they talk and write Ã¢â¬â from the Old World, under and out of its feudal institutes, I will allow myself to borrow a simile, even of those forms farthest removed from American Democracy. Considering Language then as some mighty potentate, into the majestic audience-hall of the monarch ever enters a personage like one of ShakspereÃ¢â¬â¢s clowns, and takes position there, and plays a part even in the stateliest ceremonies. Such is Slang, or indirection, an attempt of common humanity to escape from bald literalism, and express itself illimitably, which in highest walks produces poets and poems, and doubtless in pre-historic times gave the start to, and perfected, the whole immense tangle of the old mytho logies. For, curious as it may appear, it is strictly the same impulse-source, the same thing. Slang, too, is the wholesome fermentation or eructation of those processes eternally active in language, by which froth and specks are thrown up, mostly to pass away; though occasionally to settle and permanently chrystallize. To make it plainer, it is certain that many of the oldest and solidest words we use, were originally generated from the daring and license of slang. In the processes of word-formation, myriads die, but here and there the attempt attracts superior meanings, becomes valuable and indispensable, and lives forever. Thus the term right means literally only straight. Wrong primarily meant twisted, distorted. Integrity meant oneness. Spirit meant breath, or flame. A supercilious person was one who raisÃ¢â¬â¢d his eyebrows. To insult was to leap against. If you influencÃ¢â¬â¢d a man, you but flowÃ¢â¬â¢d into him. The Hebrew word which is translated prophesy meant to bubble up and pour forth as a fountain. The enthusiast bubbles up with the Spirit of God within him, and it pours forth from him like a fountain. The word prophecy is misunderstood. Many suppose that it is limited to mere prediction; that is but the lesser portion of prophecy. The greater work is to reveal God. Every true re ligious enthusiast is a prophet. Language, be it rememberÃ¢â¬â¢d, is not an abstract construction of the learnÃ¢â¬â¢d, or of di ctionary-makers, but is something arising out of the work, needs, ties, joys, affections, tastes, of long generations of humanity, and has its bases broad and low, close to the ground. Its final decisions are made by the masses, people nearest the concrete, having most to do with actual land and sea. It impermeates all, the Past as well as the Present, and is the grandest triumph of the human intellect. Those mighty works of art, says Addington Symonds, which we call languages, in the construction of which whole peoples unconsciously co-operated, the forms of which were determinÃ¢â¬â¢d not by individual genius, but by the instincts of successive generations, acting to one end, inherent in the nature of the race Ã¢â¬â Those poems of pure thought and fancy, cadenced not in words, but in living imagery, fountainheads of inspiration, mirrors of the mind of nascent nations, which we cal l Mythologies Ã¢â¬â these surely are more marvellous in their infantine spontaneity than any more mature production of the races which evolvÃ¢â¬â¢d them. Yet we are utterly ignorant of their embryology; the true science of Origins is yet in its cradle. Daring as it is to say so, in the growth of Language it is certain that the retrospect of slang from the start would be the recalling from their nebulous conditions of all that is poetical in the stores of human utterance. Moreover, the honest delving, as of late years, by the German and British workers inÃ comparative philology, has piercÃ¢â¬â¢d and dispersÃ¢â¬â¢d many of the falsest bubbles of centuries; and will disperse many more. It was long recorded that in Scandinavian mythology the heroes in the Norse Paradise drank out of the skulls of their slain enemies. Later investigation proves the word taken for skulls to meanÃ hornsÃ of beasts slain in the hunt. And what reader had not been exercisÃ¢â¬â¢d over the traces of that feudal custom, by whichÃ seigneursÃ warmÃ¢â¬â¢d their feet in the bowels of serfs, the abdomen being openÃ¢â¬â¢d for the purpose? It now is made to appear that the serf was only required to submit his unharmÃ¢â¬â¢d abdomen as a foot cushi on while his lord suppÃ¢â¬â¢d, and was required to chafe the legs of theÃ seigneurÃ with his hands. It is curiously in embryons and childhood, and among the illiterate, we always find the groundwork and start, of this great science, and its noblest products. What a relief most people have in speaking of a man not by his true and formal name, with a Mister to it, but by some odd or homely appellative. The propensity to approach a meaning not directly and squarely, but by circuitous styles of expression, seems indeed a born quality of the common people everywhere, evidenced by nick-names, and the inveterate determination of the masses to bestow sub-titles, sometimes ridiculous, sometimes very apt. Always among the soldiers during the Secession War, one heard of Little Mac (Gen. McClellan), or of Uncle Billy (Gen. Sherman) The old man was, of course, very common. Among the rank and file, both armies, it was very general to speak of the different States they came from by their slang names. Those from Maine were callÃ¢â¬â¢d Foxes; New Hampshire, Granite Boys; Massachusetts, Bay Stater s; Vermont, Green Mountain Boys; Rhode Island, Gun Flints; Connecticut, Wooden Nutmegs; New York, Knickerbockers; New Jersey, Clam Catchers; Pennsylvania, Logher Heads; Delaware, Muskrats; Maryland, Claw Thumpers; Virginia, Beagles; North Carolina, Tar Boilers; South Carolina, Weasels; Georgia, Buzzards; Louisiana, Creoles; Alabama, Lizards; Kentucky, Corn Crackers; Ohio, Buckeyes; Michigan, Wolverines; Indiana, Hoosiers; Illinois, Suckers; Missouri, Pukes; Mississippi, Tad Poles; Florida, Fly up the Creeks; Wisconsin, Badgers; Iowa, Hawkeyes; Oregon, Hard Cases. Indeed I am not sure but slang names have more than once made Presidents. Old Hickory, (Gen. Jackson) is one case in point. Tippecanoe, and Tyler too, another. I find the same rule in the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s conversations everywhere. I heard this among the men of the city horse-cars, where the conductor is often callÃ¢â¬â¢d a snatcher (i.e., because his characteristic duty is to constantly pull or snatch the bell-strap, to stop or go on). Two young fellows are having a friendly talk, amid which, says 1st conductor, What did you do before you was a snatcher? Answer of 2d conductor, NailÃ¢â¬â¢d. (Translation of answer: I workÃ¢â¬â¢d as carpenter.) What is a boom? says one editor to another. EsteemÃ¢â¬â¢d contemporary, says the other, a boom is a bulge. Barefoot whiskey is the Tennessee name for the undiluted stimulant. In the slang of the New York common restaurant waiters a plate of ham and beans is known as stars and stripes, codfish balls as sleeve-buttons, and hash as mystery. The Western States of the Union are, however, as may be supposed, the special areas of slang, not only in conversation, but in names of localities, towns, rivers, etc. A late Oregon traveller says: On your way to Olympia by rail, you cross a river called the Shookum-Chuck; your train stops at places named Newaukum, Tumwater, and Toutle; and if you seek further you will hear of whole counties labellÃ¢â¬â¢d Wahkiakum, or Snohomish, or Kitsar, or Klikatat; and Cowlitz, Hookium, and Nenolelops greet and offend you. They complain in Olympia that Washington Territory gets but little immigration; but what wonder? What man, having the whole American continent to choose from, would willingly date his letters from the county of Snohomish or bring up his children in the city of Nenolelops? The village of Tumwater is, as I am ready to bear witness, very pretty indeed; but surely an emigrant would think twice before he establishÃ¢â¬â¢d himself either there or at Toutle. Seattle is sufficiently barbarous; Stelicoom is no better; and I suspect that the Northern Pacific Railroad terminus has been fixed at Tacoma because it is one of the few places on Puget Sound whose name does not inspire horror. Then a Nevada paper chronicles the departure of a mining party from Reno: The toughest set of roosters, that ever shook the dust off any town left Reno yesterday for the new mining district of Cornucopia. They came here from Virginia. Among the crowd were four New York cock-fighters, two Chicago murderers, three BaltimoreÃ bruisers, one Philadelphia prize-fighter, four San Francisco hoodlums, three Virginia beats, two Union Pacific roughs, and two check guerrillas. Among the far-west newspapers, have been, or are,Ã The FairplayÃ (Colorado)Ã Flume,Ã The Solid Muldoon, of Ouray,Ã The Tombstone Epitaph, of Nevada,Ã The Jimplecute, of Texas, andÃ The Bazoo, of Missouri. Shirttail Bend, Whiskey Flat, Puppytown, Wild Yankee Ranch, Squaw Flat, Rawhide Ranch, LoaferÃ¢â¬â¢s Ravine,Ã SquitchÃ Gulch, Toenail Lake, are a few of the names of places in ButteÃ county, Cal. Perhaps indeed no place or term gives more luxuriant illustrations of the fermentation processes I haveÃ mentionÃ¢â¬â¢d, and their froth andÃ specks, than those Mississippi and PacificÃ coastÃ regions, at the present day. Hasty and grotesque as are some of the names, others are of an appropriateness and originality unsurpassable. This applies to the Indian words, which are often perfect. Oklahoma is proposed in Congress for the name of one of our new Territories. Hog-eye, Lick-skillet,Ã Rake-pocketÃ and Steal-easy are the names of some Texan towns. Miss Bremer found among the aborigines the following names: MenÃ¢â¬â¢s, Hornpoint; Round-Wind; Stand-and-look-out; The-Cloud-that-goes-aside; Iron-toe; Seek-the-sun; Iron-flash; Red-bottle; White-spindle; Black-dog; Two-feathers-of-honor; Gray-grass; Bushy-tail; Thunder-face; Go-on-the-burning-sod; Spirits-of-the-dead. WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s, Keep-the-fire; Spiritual-woman; Second-daughter-of-the-house; Blue-bird. Certainly philologistsÃ have not given enough attention to this element and its results, which, I repeat, can probably be found workingÃ everywhereÃ to-day, amid modern conditions, with as much life and activity as in far-back Greece or India, under prehistoric ones. Then the wit Ã¢â¬â the rich flashes of humor and genius and poetry Ã¢â¬â darting out often from a gang of laborers, railroad-men, miners, drivers or boatmen! How often have IÃ hoverÃ¢â¬â¢dÃ at the edge of a crowd of them, to hear their repartees and impromptus! You get more real fun from half an hour with them than from the books of all the American humorists. The science of language has large and close analogies in geological science, with its ceaseless evolution, its fossils, and its numberless submerged layers and hidden strata, the infiniteÃ go-beforeÃ of the present. Or, perhaps Language is more like some vast living body, or perennial body of bodies. And slang not only brings the first feeders ofÃ it,Ã but is afterward the start of fancy,Ã imaginationÃ and humor, breathing into its nostrils the breath of life.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Quality Risk Management in Construction Industry Temitayo Lewis University of Maryland University College PMAN 639 Dr. Eva B. Cruz Morel Date: 11/28/2010 University of Maryland University College Executive SummaryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...3 IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...4 Quality Management and OverviewÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 5 Quality AssuranceÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..7 Quality ControlÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..7 Total Quality ManagementÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...8 Six-Sigma in Construction IndustryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦10 Risk Management and OverviewÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..11 Risk Management Best PracticesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.13 Risk Assessment MatrixÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..14Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Firms need to build on their competitive strengths through a deliberate and managed process to improve the capacity and effectiveness of the industry, and to support sustained national economic and social objectives. Quality Management and Overview Quality has been defined in many ways. One of the most popular definitions of quality is meeting or exceeding customer expectations but the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the American Society for Quality (ASQ) defined quality as the Ã¢â¬Å"totality of characteristics of a product or service that bears on its ability to satisfy specified needÃ¢â¬ (Evans, 2008). Although the construction industry defined quality as meeting the requirements of the designer, constructor and regulatory agencies as well as the owner, but the problem that the industry has is one of poor culture. The industry appears to operate under the impression that quality management applies only to certain construction processes but fail to realize that the approaches used to handle customers and build a lasting relationship, develop strategy, measure performance and analyze data, reward and train employees, design and deliver products and services, and act as leaders in their organizations are th e true enablers of quality, customer satisfaction, and business results. A construction project only matches the owners needs when it is on time, within budget, and inShow MoreRelatedImproving The Quality Of The Delivered Project By Utilizing Quality Planning Technique During The Construction Industry1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction: The construction industry is considered as one of the most complicated industry in the world. Different problem could be raised during the construction process starting from the bidding phase and ending with close out phase. During that time, the construction managers will be responsible to take many of the critical decisions to minimize the influence of a specific event. Quality in the construction industry occupying a high priority among other characteristics. In fact, providing theRead MoreConstruction Of The Construction Industry Essay725 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesto Gould and Joyce (2002) there are a number of risks which can be identified within the construction industry itself and those risks are evident in every construction project regardless of the project size or its scope. Tummala et al. (1999) has argued that oftentimes changes in design and scope in addition to time frames or schedules are considered the most common risks for the construction sector based on the study condu cted. As the construction project progresses there s bound to be changesRead MoreThe Construction Of A Construction Project Manager1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Construction Conundrum Ã¢â¬â or, Why You Should Not Think Twice About Retaining a Construction Project Manager So you are thinking about embarking on a construction project. Perhaps you have started one and realize that the weeds quickly grow thick and deep in trying to self-manage a project. You are in good company. The US construction industry is in rude health. Final figures for 2016 are expected to show a 6% growth compared with 2015, according to Dodge Data Analytics. This values the constructionRead MoreThe Necessities Of Developing Green Construction Project Management1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdeveloping green construction project management With the continuous deterioration of the global environment and increasingly serious ecological problems, it is imperative to promote the sustainable development of the earth. The high speed economic development and urbanization promote the rapid development of construction industry, expand the industrial scale, upgrade the industrial structure, and enhance the project quality. Promoting the sustainable development of construction industry in line withRead MoreThe Main Goal Of Construction Industry1024 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages16-Quality Management- The main goal of construction industry is to ensure that construction projects are successfully completed within the constraints of best quality, stated period and with minimum cost possible. The principle objective of construction industry is to guarantee that development ventures are effectively finished inside the limitations of best quality, expressed period and with least cost conceivable. With Quality Management, the processes and initiatives that produce products orRead MoreProblems Associated With The Building And Construction Commission892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDespite various construction acts, regulations, standards, codes, licensing regimes, other management approaches such as quality management, risk management, defect management building are still handed with defects. It is evident from Queensland Building and Construction Commission (2015a) annual report that in 2014/15 alone received 4,793 complaints about defective work. There are many other defects that are seen to occur during the construction process, which gets rectified before the practicalRead MoreRelationship Between Construction And Construction1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRelationships in Construction. (1) 2.2 explain how to instruct people about work activities in an appropriate level of detail and with an appropriate degree of urgency. The instruction given to workers on site depends on the phase of the project. According to the Construction Industry Council, the use of simplified methodology must be used to communicate and instruct during construction process. We must ensure workers have enough guidance as they undertake the instructions (Construction Industry CouncilRead MoreHuman Resource Management And Construction Industry1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhereas construction industry is providing efficient structures for domestic living, travel and business purposes. The construction industry is considered very risky field of operation due to more physical labour required for completing the projects. There are different stages of construction projects, whereas large number of workforce is completing these stages of construction projects. The management of employees is important for any kind of organisation, whereas human resource management plays vitalRead MoreRisk Management For Construction Projects1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesoverall aim of this study report is to let everyone know what risk management is, realize the procedure of risk management in construction project and have a deeper study on the application of risk management during c onstruction period, therefore, a better project output and better value for both clients and constructors. There are two objectives of this study: 1. To assess the most major and common risks which cause bad effect on construction period. 2. To figure out reasonable solutions. On the basisRead MoreA Marketing Flyer Plan For Xyz Construction, Inc.1606 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA MARKETING FLYER PLAN FOR XYZ CONSTRUCTION, INC. Introduction XYZ Construction, Inc. is a privately owned company founded as a family business in the 1950s (SKS7000 Syllabus, 2012, p. 2). The company specializes in horizontal construction work, including roads, airfields and bridges. (SKS7000 Syllabus, 2012, p. 2). The owners have decided to transform the business from one of private ownership to public ownership and plans for its Initial Public Offering (IPO) in 12 months (SKS7000
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The following list provides you with the basic math concepts that should be attained by the end of the 5th grade school year. Mastery of the concepts at the previous grade is assumed, plus students learn the foundations of algebra, geometry, and probability that will be built upon in later years. Numbers Read print numbers to 100 000 and locate, compare, order, represent, estimate and identify numbers to 100 000 using regular and expanded formsFull understanding of place value to the right and left of 0 - 4 placesCount by 3s, 4s, 6s, 7s, 8s, 9s, and 10s, 11s and 12s to 144Multiplication facts are committed to memory up to the 12 X tables(Understand the division facts also)Understand decimals to the thousandths 0.013 and be able to add and subtract decimals.Demonstrate a solid understanding of fractions and their related decimals to 100dths.Multiply and divide decimalsCommunicate mathematical thinking in problem solving - selecting the appropriate strategiesSelect the appropriate problem solving methods in word problems for the above operations Measurements Complete understanding of inches, feet, yards, miles, millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers and apply these terms to problem solving activitiesMeasure accurately, and make appropriate estimations of which units of measure apply.Construct or illustrate items using a variety of units of measureEstimate and round accuratelyRead and write dates using a variety of methods (Jan. 10, 2002, 02/10/02 etc.)Money amounts to $1000.00 in making change and in problem solvingInvestigate and solve measurement problems with circumference, perimeter, volume, capacity and area and explain the rules and apply the formulas Geometry Identify, sort, classify, construct, measure, and apply a variety of geometric shapes and figures and problemsFull understanding of geometric properties and relationshipsClassify triangles by side properties and types (obtuse, isosceles) etc.Identify the 2-D nets that the solids are represented by and construct the netsMeasure and construct a variety of triangle and angles with the protractorExplore and discover tiling patterns that cover a plane and tesselationsUnderstand the coordinate system on both maps and grids Algebra/Patterning Identify, create, analyze and extend patterns and describe the rules with more than one variableDetermine the values in equations when there are missing terms in the four operations and provide the rulesDetermine the amount in missing values when given an equation that involve more than 1 operationDemonstrate equivalence in equations with the 4 operations Probability Design surveys, collect the data and record it appropriate, be able to discuss the findingsConstruct a variety of graphs and label them appropriately and state the difference between selecting one graph over anotherDiscuss the real world need for data and the collection of dataRead, analyze and interpret data in a variety of graphs etc.Us tree diagrams to organize data, make decision on data gathered and sorted and record the resultsConduct probability experiments and apply logical reasoning to the outcomesPredict probability based on background information All Grades Pre-K Kdg. Gr. 1 Gr. 2 Gr. 3 Gr. 4 Gr. 5 Gr. 6 Gr. 7 Gr. 8 Gr. 9 Gr. 10 Gr.11 Gr. 12 Edited by Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Preventing Teens and Preteens from Tobacco Use Tobacco is a plant that grows in North and South America. It is in the same family as the poisonous night shade, a very deadly plant. It began growing in America around 6000 B.C and started to be chewed and smoked about 2000 years ago as cultural or religious ceremony and events. They also believed it had medicinal effect that can cure and relives pain. Tobacco was introduced to Europe by Cristopher Columbus. When he discovered America, he encountered American Indians and they give him dried tobacco as a gift which he took it with him to Europe. They also believed it had medicinal value and could cure everything from bad breath to cancer. In the 20th century scientists found out tobacco contains many dangerous chemicals and nicotine which is highly addictive and health hazardous. The main reason for this writing to inform the teens and preteens how harmful is tobacco smoking not only to themselves also to the people around them. Disease and death caused from tobacco smoking is highl y preventable. Why do teens and preteens want to smoke? There are many reasons teens and preteens can be influenced to smoking. First, Parental and sibling smoking makes it easy to get cigarettes. What parent says how they act and the value they show through their words and practice has great impact on their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s. That same principle applies to tobacco use as well. Studies have found that parental actions aboutShow MoreRelatedUse and Abuse of Media7426 Words Ã |Ã 30 PagesAt the Intersection of Health, Health Care and Policy Cite this article as: W DeJong and J A Winsten The use of mass media in substance abuse prevention Health Affairs, 9, no.2 (1990):30-46 doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.9.2.30 The online version of this article, along with updated information and services, is available at: http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/9/2/30.citati on For Reprints, Links Permissions: http://healthaffairs.org/1340_reprint s.php E-mail Alerts : http://content.healthaffairsRead MoreRaising The Legal Minimum Age For Smoking Among Young Adults Essay1814 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessmoking among young adults with trends in the use of other substances. National data propose that the recent detected an increase in smoking among young adults is primarily an artefact of the almost simultaneous increase in smoking among high school students. In addition, however, it also appears that there have been real changes in smoking patterns among young adults. While many questions remain regarding recent trends in tobacco and other drug use among adolescents and young adults. Raising theRead MoreNursing Essay41677 Words Ã |Ã 167 Pagesedu/catalog/12956.html THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriateRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words Ã |Ã 1422 Pageswritten permission of the publisher. Thomson Higher Education 10 Davis Drive Belmont, CA 94002-3098 USA For more information about our products, contact us at: Thomson Learning Academic Resource Center 1-800-423-0563 For permission to use material from this text or product, submit a request online at http://www.thomsonrights.com. Any additional questions about permissions can be submitted by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 11 10
Gun control has been an extremely controversial issue in the United States, and even the world for decades. The issue resurfaces every time there is a mass shooting or some other form of violence that involves guns. Texas recently passed a new law that allows open carry in, creating even more controversy than before. Additionally, the nation remains split on the issue of guns and if there should be stricter or more lenient gun laws to lessen the rate of gun crimes. Gun control supporters believe that the number of guns available to the American public is much greater than it should be. There is estimated to be over two hundred million guns among the three hundred million citizens in our nation. The advocated of gun control believe that more guns lead to more crime. The number of gun related deaths in the United States is about thirty times that in the United Kingdom. This means that per every 100,000 deaths 2.9 are gun related in the United States, where as it is 0.1 in the United Kingdom. Additionally, half of the deadliest shootings in the world have occurred in the United States. Gun related crimes in the United States did decline in the 90Ã¢â¬â¢s but since 2005 they have been on the rise again with about 30,000 people a year dying as a result of a firearm. In 2015 there were 5 mass shootings in the United States, killing 40 people and injuring 42. This number is up from 2014, with two mass shootings. The guns involved in these mass shootings were powerful,Show MoreRelatedGun Control Of The United States1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesshootings that has happened throughout the Unites States has created a great divide among Americans on what should our nation do to prevent further shootings from happening. Many people believe that forcing new laws on how people purchase weapons should require background checks. Gun Control in the United States of America is a topic that has had lots of criticism and support by many citizens. The critical people of this topic believe that the guns do not kill people, it is the people that kill peopleRead MoreGun Control And The United States1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the United States gun control is a big controversy that has been blown out of proportion the last few years. Anything that has to do with guns in the news, reporters say it is the guns fault. Gun control laws are being changed and morphed for the new society that we live in today. What g un control really means is a group of laws to control the selling and use of guns.(1). Statistics have proven that most people want more control on guns. Many surveys have shown that the benefits of gun controlRead MoreGun Control Of The United States Essay1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGun Control Proposal Gun control is a highly controversial topic in the United States. There are many people who are for gun control - people who want to have stricter laws to make it so criminals and other dangerous people canÃ¢â¬â¢t obtain a firearm. But, there are also the people who disagree with gun control laws and believe there should be a more lenient gun control to help people defend themselves during risky situations. Many gun control laws have been passed for many years. While many have beenRead MoreGun Control And The United States929 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGun control has been a debated, revisited and revised issue for more than a century in the United States. Recently, after several mass shootings in the United States, gun violence issues are; yet again, renewed and in the forefront for the United States. This paper will consist of insight on gun violence in the United States and the newly imposed gun control policies by President Obama; along with, the arguments for and against the new policies and what roles both the formal and informal actorsRead MoreGun Control Of The United States1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSince AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s birth, guns have played a large part in itÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Citizens of the United States have used firearms to protect the land they love, and their families. They even use them for engaging activities such as hunting and sport. Though firearms may seem to have a commonplace in society, weighing the rights and liberties of citizens against the safety and welfare of the public has always been a delicate process. In the United States, gun control is a of heated issue that has two sides.Read MoreGun Control And The United States988 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGun Control Reassessment in the United States Imagine this: you are in World History class at your high school almost falling asleep learning about Ancient China. It is a normal day for you and your classmates, until you hear an announcement from the principal. You expect the typical lockdown drill, but this situation is far from typical. A man with a gun breaks into your school. BANG! Several of your classmates are killed before this man can be controlled. You survive, but live the rest of yourRead MoreGun Control And The United States1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGun Control For gun control, there should be some requirements for the people to take in order to own a gun for themselves. Throughout the United States, gun control should allow people to still have guns; however, the citizens should go through some changes to ensure safety throughout the nation. Gun control has given some helpful ideals before that would help the people understand the responsibilities of their guns. They want to make sure that these laws maintain to progress as a better solutionRead MoreGun Control Of The United States1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesshootings that has happened all through the Unites States has made an great divide among Americans on what ought our country do to keep further shootings from happening. Numerous individuals trust that forcing new laws on how people buy weapons should require background verifications. Gun Control in the United States of America is a topic that has had lots of criticism and support by numerous citizens. The critical people of this topic trust that the guns don t murder people, is that people kill peopleRead MoreGun Control in the United States1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Gun Control in the United States has gone out of control. The United States should enforce laws to not allow any guns in a house hold in order to reduce violence and crime in the country. Reducing the rate of crime in the United States, controlling big weapons, taxing ammunition, and gun collection can help make this happen. Gun Control can make this country a safer environment to live in. Gun Control has obviously gone out of control in the recent years. Look around, they are everywhere. ReducingRead MoreGun Control And The United States886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGun Control in the United States On December 14, 2012, a gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Connecticut, and killed 20 children and six adults. This tragedy shook the nation and made Americans wonder, how could this have been prevented? Recently published research suggests mass shootings are becoming more common in the United States. Harvard University researchers said in October 2014 that a mass shooting has occurred every 64 days, on average, since 2011, compared with every
Question: Discuss About The International Of Business And Information? Answer: Introducation The basic principle of interpersonal communication is about listening other peoples point of view and to express my operations on the subject clearly. I have used interpersonal skills and communication skills during the group discussion which was held in my college. I have used my communication ability to define the topic which was given in the group discussion (Aesaert et al., 2014). It is an important thing to listen carefully as it helps a lot to speak among the other members by understanding their point of view and requirements. I am satisfied with the experiences which I have learnt through the communication program. Teamwork skills Reading skill is the most primary way to acquire knowledge. I have applied my reading skill in gaining knowledge for the academic documentation. For an example to write an academic document I have collected several data related to the subject and also I have collected different ideas on that topic (Hashim, 2015). I have collected all these information by reading several articles, books and internet sources. Communication language Team work is an important part of making any project and presentation and the main advantage of making any presentation through a team work is that several types of ideas and opinions are collected in a single platform to get the compact presentation (Seena Pillai, 2014). I have also made a presentation with my team on a topic in my college. I have first defined the issues then in the presentation I have defined the solutions of the corresponding issues. My team members helped me a lot by providing several opinions. Creation and delivery of effective oral presentation I have created a presentation which assessed the concepts related to the behaviour, management, privacy and legal aspects which are important parameters in case of an ICT domain. Ethics and law are the parameters which create the righteousness in the employees of the ICT organisation. These generate the responsibility and the code of conduct among the employees. Privacy is also important from the security point of view. The social aspects should also be taken care of as this keeps the hood environment in the ICT domain for the employees. I have implemented all these concepts in my assessment for the ICT domain. Importance of ethics codes of behaviours and societal, privacy and legal issues within the ICT I always believed that the most important thing in communication is to understand the individuals or peoples requirement and thinking. I have also learnt a lot by communicating with students of different universities and the staffs of ICT domain. The communication develops when we work together with the community and the students who are actually working with the people of community. Understanding of the common work practices The organisational process in ICT is important for the better production of the system. I have used my communication skill for acquiring knowledge and data for the better completion of the ICT processes (Button, Harrington, Belan, 2014). I have understood first about the issues which are mainly defined in the ICT domain. Then I have tried to get the solutions by reading and listening and this helped me a lot understand the ICT projects. Use of ICT in improvement of organisational processes ICT can be successfully implemented in the advancement of the organisational processes. Information and communication technology is applicable for the advancement of the organisations growth and it can also help in more advanced communication and keep people in touch in case of long distances. Evaluation of applications and emerging technologies to communicate and collaborate There are different types of communication and collaboration technologies which are also important in terms of completing the unit. One important technology is the Web 2.0 which is used for the digital literacy for better understanding related to the ICT environment (Siddiq, Scherer Tondeur, 2016). I have also used this Web 2.0 technology for communicating with the people and it helped me a lot also. It actually helps to create and share some content with simple graphic and interface. Another important technology is the mobile technology for showing several real time video and assessment for the employees in the ICT organisation through virtual platform. I have also used mobile technology for the better understanding of the subjects which are also important for better communication through this way. The most interesting thing of the communication technologies is that it makes the whole system easier to understand and to make people understand about several ICT technologies. It also helped me a lot in communicating with other people and to increase ethics and communication skills among the employees in the ICT domain. The interface is one of the things which can be more advanced in order to make people more interested and comfortable in communicating among them and to lkearn about new ICT technologies. The thing is to make the system more advanced by making the system more popular among people. That will only be possible when the technologies related o the communication will be more available to them. References Aesaert, K., Van Nijlen, D., Vanderlinde, R., van Braak, J. (2014). Direct measures of digital information processing and communication skills in primary education: using item response theory for the development and validation of an ICT competence scale. Computers Education, 76, 168-181. Hashim, J. (2015). Information communication technology (ICT) adoption among SME owners in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Information, 2(2). Siddiq, F., Scherer, R., Tondeur, J. (2016). Teachers' emphasis on developing students' digital information and communication skills (TEDDICS): A new construct in 21st century education. Computers Education, 92, 1-14. Button, D., Harrington, A., Belan, I. (2014). E-learning information communication technology (ICT) in nursing education: A review of the literature. Nurse Education Today, 34(10), 1311-1323. Seena, S. T., KG Pillai, S. (2014). A study of ICT skills psychology library professionals in the Kerala University Library System. Annals of Library and Information Studies (ALIS), 61(2), 132-141.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
BOOK FAIR- 2012 WHEN E-BOOKS MEET THE MANGO PEOPLEÃ¢â¬ ¦ It was a fine sunny morning when I with my bunch of my classmates went to the 18th annual Delhi book fair on 6th September 2012 at Pragati Maidan. It wasÃ a nine-day affair featuring discussions on proliferation of e-books and interaction with authors, apart from availability of vast number of books on divergent genres. We were supposed to report for a radio show as per our curriculum and were told to reach Pragati Maidan at 10 in morning. Getting up early and witnessing the bumpy metro ride I reached Pragati Maidan at 10.30 am. All are group members waited for the respected teachers to give us the gadget. The time we waited for the teachers to come we discussed about the theme of our radio show. As soon as we got the recorder we tightened up our belts and went to hall no. 8 from where the book fair commenced. We will write a custom essay sample on Book fair or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page We chose childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s book as our theme for radio show and decided to take the bites of all the students and children. First of all we went to the information desk to know about the number of stalls that were based on children books and educational games. We found that out of 235 stalls 40 to 45 stalls were dedicated for the children of all ages. We also came to know that the theme of the book fair this time was e-books. We started with the school children of classes 3rd to 5th of New India Modern Public School and recorded their experience at the book fair. Also we talked to their teachers who told us about the books they preferred for their children. Then we all went to the group of school girls who came all the way from Himachal Pradesh along with their teachers to explore Book Fair 2012 as it was a part of their training program to learn English. They told us that it was their first visit to book fair and how it helps them in their training program. We also talked to the parents and children and different stall owners and recorded their aims and aspirations from the book fair this year. After we got the required bites we handed over the recorder to the other group and I went to look for different books especially the e-books. The new theme e-books influenced me a lot personally. The idea of saving trees by omitting paper for e-books was quiet paramount. I really liked the concept and especially the material that it offered. It was one of the easiest and environment friendly ways that makes reading and learning fun. I also went and saw many books by national geography and saw the epical photographs that were printed in them. Over all it was a nice educational expedition that was accompanied by fun and new learning ventures. VINAYAK VERMA SEM III-B