Friday, March 22, 2019
Medical Ethics :: essays research papers
Physician-assisted suicide refers to the physician acting indirectly in the death of the patient -- providing the means for death. The ethics of PAS is a continually debated topic. The draw of arguments in escort and opposition of PAS be vast. Justice, compassion, the moral irrelevance of the residue between killing and letting die, individual liberty are m whatever an(prenominal) arguments for PAS. The distinction between killing and letting die, sanctity of life, "do no harm" principle of medicine, and the potential for abuse are some of the arguments in favor of making PAS illegal. However, self-determination, and ultimately note for shore leave are relied on heavily as principle arguments in the PAS issue.      Daniel Callahan, author of When Self-Determination Runs Amok, is against any social policy that would allow for PAS to be practiced. Callahan believes that the argument for PAS does not ware a firm foundation, b ecause self-determination and mercy, the two principles that are in support of PAS, may become separated (711). If mercy is seen as a perfume element in support of PAS, why restrict PAS only to those who heap ask for it -- dont the unconscious or in skilled deserve mercy in like manner?     Callahan is in opposition to the belief that the essence of human dignity is the arbitrariness that a person should be free to choose how and when they want to die. Callahan questions the strong nature of autonomy and self-determination and the extent to which these values can be applied. Self-determination by definition entails human freedom of action and respect for persons but those in support of PAS want it to be restricted to those who are terminally ill. Human suffering and an individuals outlook on the quality of their life, are, in Callahans opinion, subjective and there is no whiz standard to compare individual suffering. If we just focus on autonomy/self-deter mination, why restrict PAS only to those who are terminally ill and competent? Are the incompetent less deserving of relief from suffering than the those competent individuals? If physician-assisted suicide is legally permitted yet restricted to the terminally ill bountiful with full decision-making capacity, it pull up stakes certainly raise legal concerns about discrimination. PAS will probably broaden to include incompetent, non-consenting, and nonterminally ill persons. The final extremum of the slippery slope argument is that PAS will be abused, run demoniac and ultimately become involuntary euthanasia.      Physician-assisted suicide refers to the physician acting indirectly in the death of the patient -- providing the means for death.